Understanding the Cyber Security Basics

cyber security basics

Whether you’re a cyber security basics professional or someone who wants to get into the field, it’s important to understand the basics. Cyber security covers the tools, policies and processes that help protect the technology your data lives on and the systems that house it. The discipline is necessary to safeguard sensitive information and reduce the consequences of cyberattacks.

Government, military, business, financial and medical organizations collect, process and store unprecedented amounts of data on their computers, devices and networks. A large amount of this information is sensitive and confidential. For example, it could be proprietary information, intellectual property, personal data or financial information that hackers would love to have access to.

Cybersecurity Basics: Building a Strong Foundation for Online Protection

To keep this information secure, it’s essential to understand the three principles that form the foundation of CyberSecurity: Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability. Often times, this is referred to as the CIA Triad and it’s been the standard in computer security since the first mainframes.

Ideally, a company should employ cyber security measures that prevent the theft of information and ensure that its systems are always up and running. This is possible through the use of firewalls, anti-virus software, penetration testing and digital forensics. Additionally, the company should have a backup solution in place that provides redundancies and protects data at rest or in transit.

Moreover, the organization should also implement a Culture of Cyber Readiness and require multi-factor authentication for all users, especially privileged, administrative or remote access. These are the simple steps that can drastically improve a company’s online safety and protect them from cyberattacks.